Download Kant on Proper Science: Biology in the Critical Philosophy by Hein van den Berg PDF

By Hein van den Berg

This bookprovides a singular remedy of Immanuel Kant’s perspectives on right usual technological know-how and biology. The prestige of biology in Kant’s process of technology is frequently taken to be complicated. via examining Kant’s philosophy of biology in terms of his perception of right technological know-how, the current ebook determines Kant’s perspectives at the medical prestige of biology. Combining a extensive ideengeschichtlich method with an in depth old reconstruction of philosophical and medical texts, the publication establishes vital interconnections among Kant’s philosophy of technological know-how, his perspectives on biology, and his reception of overdue 18th century organic theories. It discusses Kant’s perspectives on technology and biology as articulated in his released writings and within the Opus postumum. The publication indicates that even supposing biology is a non-mathematical technological know-how and the relation among biology and different usual sciences isn't particular, Kant did permit for the potential for supplying medical factors in biology and assigned biology a selected area of research.

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Additional info for Kant on Proper Science: Biology in the Critical Philosophy and the Opus postumum

Sample text

True fundamental propositions, while [4*] is taken to be true on the basis of experiment. ”77 There are various lessons to be learned from Wolff’s example. First, in proving the proposition ‘air has an expansive force’, hypothetical syllogisms seem to play a major role. All three syllogisms treated above can be taken (or reconstructed) as hypothetical. Wolff’s construes hypothetical inferences as ‘inferences under conditions’. 78 Note that this conception of a hypothetical syllogism does not adequately capture the syllogisms treated above.

3*] The air expands the balloon when resistance is removed [4*] Hence, the air must expand itself, when resistance is removed [6*]. Like proposition [2*], proposition [3*] is treated as a fundamental principle (Grundsatz). Proposition [4*] is taken to be true on the basis of experience. 75 [1*] can be taken to provide a nominal definition of expansive force. As such, it provides a true ground on the propositions pertaining to a single science, shifts meaning when we consider the fundamental propositions of a science and the relations between different sciences.

I have argued that objective grounds can also function as a ground of cognition. The cited example is a case in which a ground of cognition is not an objective ground. 69 To give another example: in the Metaphysische Anfangsgründe, Kant notes that the concept of impenetrability is contained in the concept of matter. Thus, ‘matter is impenetrable’ is an analytic judgment, provable logically by means of the principle of identity. However, Kant argues that the objective ground of matter’s impenetrability is given by a repulsive force constitutive of matter.

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