Download Judgments over Time: The Interplay of Thoughts, Feelings, by Lawrence J. Sanna, Edward C. Chang PDF

By Lawrence J. Sanna, Edward C. Chang

Time pervades each point of people's lives. we're all stricken by remnants of our pasts, checks of our offers, and forecasts of our futures. Our recommendations, emotions, and behaviors over the years inexorably intertwine and intermingle, picking diverse reactions comparable to have an effect on and feelings, in addition to destiny behaviors. the aim of this quantity is to assemble the varied thought and learn of a very good staff of students whose paintings pertains to peoples decisions through the years. so far, a lot thought and examine on temporal variables inside of psychology has remained slightly fragmented, remoted, or even provincial--researchers specifically domain names are both ignorant of or are paying little awareness to every other's paintings. Integrating the idea and learn right into a unmarried quantity will lead to a better knowledge and appreciation of conceptual family among possible disparate subject matters, outline and advertise the kingdom of medical wisdom in those parts, and set the time table for destiny paintings. the amount provides the 2 major methods of judgments over the years: how people's innovations concerning the destiny and the earlier impact their current states, and searching on the interaction over the years between people's concepts, emotions, and behaviors.

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Extra resources for Judgments over Time: The Interplay of Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviors

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1998). Situated optimism: Specific outcome expectancies and self-regulation. In M. P. ), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 30, pp. 309–379). New York: Academic Press. Aspinwall, L. , & Taylor, S. E. (1992). Modeling cognitive adaptation: A longitudinal investigation of the impact of individual differences and coping on college adjustment and performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 989–1003. Atkinson, J. , & Raynor, J. O. (1974). Motivation and achievement. Washington, DC: Winston.

Unpublished manuscript, State University of New York, Buffalo. Taylor, K. , & Shepperd, J. A. (1998). Bracing for the worst: Severity, testing and feedback as moderators of the optimistic bias. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 915–926. Taylor, S. , & Brown, J. D. (1988). Illusion and well being: A social psychological perspective on mental health. Psychological Bulletin, 103, 193–210. Taylor, S. , & Gollwitzer, P. M. (1995). The effects of mindset on positive illusions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 213–226.

Specifically, people sometimes reduce their optimism in an attempt to position or brace themselves for the possibility that things may not turn out as hoped. With bracing, people shift their predictions downwardly either to influence the occurrence of an undesired outcome or to manage how they feel about that outcome. As such, bracing is distinct from self-handicapping, which involves proactively claiming or creating barriers to performance so as to provide a nonability explanation for failure, should it occur (Leary & Shepperd, 1986).

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