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By Terence Parsons

Terence Parsons provides a full of life and debatable learn of philosophical questions on identification. simply because many puzzles approximately identification stay unsolved, a few humans think that they're questions that experience no solutions and that there's a challenge with the language used to formulate them. Parsons explores a special threat: that such puzzles lack solutions as a result approach the realm is (or as a result of method the realm is not). He claims that there's actual indeterminacy of identification on this planet. He articulates one of these view intimately and defends it from a number of criticisms.

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Extra resources for Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics

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Quine (along with other pragmatists) holds a view something like this. Quine sees the question of bivalence as a pragmatic methodological choice we can make. A commitment to bivalence in our theorizing leads to methodological elegance and simplicity, while making it difficult to reconcile recalcitrant data; an abandonment of bivalence permits data to mesh more neatly with theory, while complicating the theory. ) Thus bivalence is a choice. Quine himself chooses bivalence over its "fuzzy and plurivalent alternatives" (Quine 1981: 94-5) but others may choose differently.

If the premisses are both true, then it appears that sand t must disagree with respect to the property expressed by the context ' ... x .. '. But then the objects denoted by's' and '( disagree with respect to that property, and thus they are by definition determinately not identical, which is all that the conclusion states! The answer to this is that the context ' ... x . ' may not express a property, and it is only in this sort of case that the principle fails. We will see examples of this in the next chapter.

At least, it is not so in the theory under discussion here. The following is a valid pattern no matter how the blanks are filled: a=b '1( ... a .. '1(... b .. )' Our identity does guarantee complete indiscernibility, even in contexts containing 'v'. What Noonan has in mind may be a converse principle: that if there is a discernibility in language, then this guarantees distinctness. (... a ... ---,c .. b ... ---,a =b In Noonan (1990) he cites this principle, which he calls "the Principle of the Diversity of the Definitely Dissimilar", and in Noonan 7 I do not mean to suggest that Leibniz's Law is itself beyond question.

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