Download Immigration in America Today: An Encyclopedia by James Loucky, Jeanne M. Armstrong, Larry J. Estrada PDF

By James Loucky, Jeanne M. Armstrong, Larry J. Estrada

The USA at the present time is witnessing the most important and such a lot sustained wave of immigrants its borders have ever visible. even though elements just like the nice melancholy, international warfare II, and quota regulations had slowed the large inflow of Europeans from the early a part of the 20 th century, regulations just like the 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act have comfy quotas and opened America's doorways to millions of immigrants a yr, from either jap and Western hemispheres, to arrive a top of over nine million immigrants within the Nineties. this present day, immigrants and policy-makers alike grapple with concerns relating to employment, schooling, refugee prestige, and kinfolk reunification; in addition to unlawful immigrants—many from Mexico, whose criminal immigration by myself debts for greater than 20% of immigrants within the US. regardless of this, this accomplished reference resource permits a glimpse of a similar motivating elements that drove previous immigrants via Ellis Island's gates—the promise of monetary chance and the wish of a higher life.Over 70 A-Z entries tackle topical and well timed points of recent US immigration, together with: ; bilingual schooling ; household paintings ; corporation sanctions ; gangs ; gender ; place of origin defense ; migrant schooling ; posttraumatic rigidity sickness ; stereotypes

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S. Supreme Court upheld the rights of parents to provide private alternatives in education of their native languages, and the ‘‘incompatibility of militant educational Americanization with the founders’ ideal of unity in diversity was formally recognized in constitutional law’’ (Bull et al. 1992). During the 1960s and 1970s the nationwide debate over bilingual education revolved around whether instruction in the child’s native tongue and in English should be transitional. The child’s home language, some educators argued, should be used for teaching purposes, so that students would acquire cognitive skills and avoid academic delay.

International Migration Review 36(3):669–702. Huntington, S. 2004. The Hispanic Challenge. Foreign Policy (March–April):1–12. , ed. 2004. Reinventing the Melting Pot: The New Immigrants and What It Means to Be American. New York: Basic Books. R. 1999. Restocking the Melting Pot: Americanization as Cultural Imperialism. Race, Gender and Class 6(4):61–70. , ed. 2001. Encyclopedia of Nationalism. San Diego: Academic Press. , and R. Rumbaut. 1996. Immigrant America: A Portrait, 2nd ed. Berkeley: University of California Press.

In the 1960s, the living conditions of migrant farm workers on the road and at work became a social problem. Migrant farm workers were unprotected by the New Deal legislation of the 1930s; indeed, they were deliberately exempted from the federal minimum wage, social security, overtime provisions, child labor protection, and provisions for labor organizing (Rothenberg 1998). Edward R. Murrow’s documentary Harvest of Shame (1961) pointed out the lack of a living wage and sanitary living conditions.

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