By Umut Uzer
Turkey's international coverage is mostly represented as primarily peaceable, utilizing international relations and multilateralism within the answer of its conflicts with different states. right here, Umut Uzer bargains an important corrective to this commonplace research by way of revealing the Kemalist impression in Turkey's kingdom ideology. This outlined the identification of the kingdom as Turkish, embracing either Turkish and Turkic peoples as "Turks," and leading to obligations in the direction of Turks living past its borders and a extra engaged international coverage that ranged from declarations of aid for ethnic kinfolk open air Turkey to outright takeover of territory. targeting the annexation of Hatay from Syria in 1939, Turkey's involvement in Cyprus culminating in an army operation in 1974 and its coverage towards the Karabagh dispute among Azerbaijan and Armenia within the Nineteen Nineties, identification and Turkish overseas coverage is fundamental for all these drawn to center East politics and diplomacy in addition to Turkey extra particularly.
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Additional info for Identity and Turkish Foreign Policy: The Kemalist Influence in Cyprus and the Caucasus (Library of International Relations)
The latter also were part of the Ottoman Empire, which created a common historical memory with the Turks of Turkey. These states of affairs were the main reasons for the closer association of former Ottoman Turks with Turkey, the weaker ties with the people of Turkestan, and the lack of robust pan-Turkism prevalent among Turkic peoples. Louis Snyder calls the pan-movements macro-nationalisms, which he defines as a form of nationalism that envisions the inclusion of all the members of a nation in an ‘enlarged nation-state’.
Finally, there is the nationalism of a national minority in a country whose culture is different from that of the majority. 70 Similarly, we can talk about Turkish Cypriots as a national minority71 in Cyprus living in a nationalizing state and Turkey as their external national homeland. For Greek Cypriots, Greece is the external national homeland and Cyprus is their nationalizing state, in which they constitute around 78 per cent of the population. For the Turks residing in Cyprus, Iraq, Syria, the Crimea, Greece, Bulgaria and Romania, Turkey was seen as an entity responsible for their well-being, an external national homeland in Brubaker’s parlance.
66 So, in that vein, he disagrees with nationalists who propagate the idea that nations have existed since time immemorial. 67 The two concepts are too close, almost identical to make such intellectual distinctions. The idea of a cultural nation (Kulturnation) gives a feeling of we-ness and the core of the nation: the national character argument implies that the ‘essence of a nation remained fixed’. More importantly, this notion helped legitimize in the eyes of the German publikum, the theory that an expansionist foreign policy was essential to achieve the unity of the German nation beyond the German state.
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