By van der Veen
Why do nations provide international reduction? even though many nations have authentic improvement information courses, this ebook argues that no of them see the aim of those courses within the comparable means. additionally, the way in which international locations body that goal has formed reduction coverage offerings earlier and current. the writer examines how Belgium lengthy gave reduction out of a feeling of legal responsibility to its former colonies, The Netherlands used to be extra attracted to pursuing foreign effect, Italy has taken with the reputational payoffs of relief flows and Norwegian reduction has had robust humanitarian motivations because the starting. yet at no time has a unmarried body formed anyone country's reduction coverage solely. in its place, interpreting part a century of legislative debates on reduction in those 4 nations, this booklet offers a special photograph either one of cross-national and through the years styles within the salience of other reduction frames and of various relief courses that resulted.
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Extra info for Ideas, Interests and Foreign Aid
Wallace, ‘Foreign policy and national identity in the United Kingdom’, 65. 20 Katzenstein, ‘Introduction: Alternative perspectives’, 19. g. B. Anderson, Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism, 19. 22 W. Bloom, Personal identity, national identity, and international relations, 52. 16 28 One policy, multiple goals Nations are often very concerned with the image of themselves they convey in their international actions. Moreover, empirical evidence suggests that these images matter for their interactions with other states.
Moreover, foreign aid is like a Swiss army knife designed by a committee composed of representatives of different parts of the policy-making elite. As a result, just who wields the instrument in the end turns out to matter comparatively little. Instead, changes over time in the salience of different frames usually result from the particular experiences of donor states with the policy in questionÂ€– the Swiss army knife gets redesigned, so to speak. For example, economic self-interest became less prominent as a frame for aid in Italy primarily because it became clear that the aid programme had failed to promote economic growth in the Italian economy.
In other words, studying foreign aid allows us to formulate and test richer models than would be possible if the scope for relevant goals were narrower and the structural constraints on its use greater. How can we use information about different frames for aid policy to explain policy choices? Why should these framesÂ€ – mere ‘intangible’ ideas and beliefsÂ€ – even matter? After all, much of the international relations literature privileges the materialÂ€– somehow more ‘tangible’Â€– interests of state and sub-state actors, along with the structural constraints facing them.
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