Download History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 1, by Stanford J. Shaw PDF

By Stanford J. Shaw

Empire of the Gazis: the increase and Decline of the Ottoman Empire, 1280-1808 is the 1st booklet of the two-volume historical past of the Ottoman Empire and glossy Turkey. It describes how the Ottoman Turks, a small band of nomadic squaddies, controlled to extend their dominions from a small principality in northwestern Anatolia at the borders of the Byzantine Empire into one of many nice empires of 15th- and sixteenth-century Europe and Asia, extending from northern Hungary to southern Arabia and from the Crimea throughout North Africa nearly to the Atlantic Ocean. the amount sweeps away the accrued prejudices of centuries and describes the empire of the sultans as a dwelling, altering society, ruled via the small multinational Ottoman ruling classification led through the sultan, yet with a scope of presidency so slender that the themes, Muslim and non-Muslim alike, have been left to hold all alone lives, religions, and traditions with little outdoor interference.

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Extra resources for History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 1, Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire 1280-1808

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This left Hungary, which under the Anjou dynasty, and in particular during the reign of Louis the Great (1342-1382), achieved considerable size and strength in central Europe, ruling from the mountains of Bohemia through Moravia into Hungary itself, including Transylvania and extending to Wallachia, Moldavia, Bulgaria, and Croatia. Its chances were seemingly enhanced by the weakness of Serbia following Dusan's death. It also was strengthened in the area by its suzerainty over the feudal nobles of Croatia, who in turn had considerable influence in Bosnia, Slovenia, and parts of Dalmatia.

While such nomads were useful in overwhelming enemies, their desire for continued booty was incompatible with an effort to establish settled institutions in the conquered areas. The Seljuks had rid themselves of disruptive nomads by sending them to the frontiers, and the Ottomans now began to do the same. But before Orhan could dispense entirely with their military services he had to replace them with some kind of new army. Therefore, he organized a separate army of soldiers who entered his service in return for regular salaries rather than for booty or in fulfillment of religious objectives.

Serbia ruled the areas of Siroz (Serez) and Drama, while Albania and northern Epirus were divided among Serbo-Albanian and Albanian states and Latin principalities that recognized the suzerainty of Naples or Venice. Bosnia was semi-independent under Hungarian domination, while Ragusa controlled most of the Dalmatian coast. Serbia was breaking up and unable to provide significant military resistance. This left Hungary, which under the Anjou dynasty, and in particular during the reign of Louis the Great (1342-1382), achieved considerable size and strength in central Europe, ruling from the mountains of Bohemia through Moravia into Hungary itself, including Transylvania and extending to Wallachia, Moldavia, Bulgaria, and Croatia.

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