Download Historical semantics, historical word formation by Jacek Fisiak, Magdalena Bator PDF

By Jacek Fisiak, Magdalena Bator

It is a quantity of chosen papers provided on the overseas convention on old English Word-Formation and Semantics held in Warsaw on 10-11 December 2011 and arranged via the college of English on the Warsaw department of the collage of Social Sciences in Lódz. The convention used to be attended via students from Poland, united states, Germany, Austria, Belgium, France, Japan, Italy, Ukraine and Slovakia. Their papers lined a variety of subject matters in regards to the sector of be aware formation and semantics in outdated and heart English.

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The most stable part of the meaning of a word which is most likely to be intersubjectively shared by members in the linguistic community is the prototype. Both diachronically and synchronically the meaning of will (and other modal auxiliaries) can be looked upon as being organized around a prototype. Some shifts of meaning caused by the prototypical structure of the word are synchronic, others start off in the same way as extensions from a prototype and gradually spread to new contexts. The relationship between the various meanings is that of a focus and its extensions.

B) Pseudo-words While only preference responses were obtained for the real words, we have the production responses of experiment #1 as well as the preference responses of experiment #2 for the pseudo-words. The two types of responses to pseudo-words permit us to examine the productivity of the various prefixes independent of lexical specifications, since there would, of course, be no a priori "correct" specification for a pseudo-word. Table 3 shows the mean percentage of each response for the production task and the preference task.

The difference from the prototype may show up as a slight difference of meaning. Thus will may convey the nuance 'ability' in these examples. If will becomes too remote from the prototype its meaning is weakened. In the following example from Old English with an abstract inanimate subject Visser interprets will as a future marker without any volitional element. (11) hwider hrepra gehygd hweorfan wille 'whither the thoughts of his mind will turn' Wanderer (Visser 1969: 1692). We have seen that with a non-human subject the transition to Future can be established; if the subject is human, on the other 16 Karin Aijmer hand, will retains the meaning Volition although future meaning may be implied.

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