By Metin Heper
Turkey is either an outdated and a brand new kingdom. whereas the Turks were dwelling in Anatolia for the final millennium, the rustic has undergone large Westernization because the finish of the 18th century. notwithstanding, when it comes to Turkey, culture has now not arrested modernization; really, the conventional has tailored itself to the trendy. The revival of Islam and the emergence of sure ethnic identities through the fresh many years haven't ended in the reversal of development within the financial system and democracy. there's a thriving inner most area, and the financial system maintains to develop. on the flip of the twenty first century, Turkey is the one Muslim kingdom with a democratic political method. even supposing Turkey belongs to either the West and the East, its Western credentials are extra marked. it's a member of the Council of Europe, North Atlantic Treaty association (NATO), and association for financial Cooperation and improvement (OECD), and it's almost immediately engaging in negotiations with the ecu Union (EU) for accession to that Union as an entire member.
The 3rd version of the Historical Dictionary of Turkey explores the heritage of this interesting kingdom via a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and hundreds of thousands of cross-referenced dictionary entries on very important people, locations, occasions, and associations, in addition to on major political, fiscal, social, and cultural points
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Turkey
8 December: Five Kurdish members of Parliament—Hatip Dicle, Orhan Dogˇan, Selim Andak, Ahmet Türk, and Leyla Zana—are convicted of supporting the Kurdistan Workers’ Party and sentenced to 15 years in prison. 21 December: High Military Court dismisses six officers from army because of their fundamentalist Islamic activities within ranks. 22 December: Rich textile heir Cem Boyner’s New Democracy Movement transformed into a political party. 1995 10 January: Prime Minister Tansu Çiller announces that Newroz (Kurdish New Year) is an official holiday in Turkey.
Military administration vetoes top . brass of Social Democracy Party, including its chairman, Erdal Inönü. 7 July: National Security Council vetoes 30 founders of True Path Party. August 24: NSC gives approval to participation of Motherland Party in 6 November elections. The council does not approve the list of founding members of TPP and SDP, thus disqualifying them from taking part in the elections. 6 November: MP wins elections by majority. 15 November: Turkish Cypriots announce establishment of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus; Turkey recognizes new state.
3 March: Prime Minister Demirel calls on United States and Russia not to arm Armenia amid growing fears that conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh could drag in neighboring countries. 9 March: Prime Minister Demirel announces that Kurds can celebrate Newroz (Kurdish New Year) on 21 March. 13 March: European Parliament condemns Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) but calls for a halt to cross-border operations because civilians are being killed. 18 March: Prime Minister Demirel asks United States to seek diplomatic solution to fighting between Armenians and Azerbaijanis over Nagorno-Karabakh and says Turkey is being forced to get involved.
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