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Bound-root attachment and stress-shifting are exemplified in (36a) and (36b) respectively: (36) a. ambitious garrulous raucous sonorous querulous blasphemous b. b. b. b. b. b. ). I regard -eous/-ious as synchronically unpredictable variants of -ous on stratum 1. -ous is common with free bases, as in (37) below. (37a) gives examples of the general pattern; (37b) demonstrates the retention of base-final syllabic sonorants and (37c) the absence of such syllabicity: (37) a. riotous adventurous poisonous hazardous b.

And as I indicated earlier, the question of whether an item like burlesque is analysed as morphologically complex by all speakers (which it probably is not) is of very little relevance within the model of stratum 1 that will be developed in Chapter 3 below. We note, then, that -esque is another suffix that attaches on both strata. Such an analysis is not only required by the facts: the bound-root bases in (22) and the phonotactic peculiarities of (21a) allow no alternative account; it also allows us to identify the particular context in which the suffix operates with full productivity.

6 Affix-driven stratification Phonotactic behaviour The boundary symbols ‘ϩ’ and ‘#’, corresponding as we saw above to the American structuralist notions of ‘close juncture and ‘open juncture’, impose different phonotactic restrictions. A string containing ‘ϩ’ must satisfy the phonotactic constraints that hold in a string containing no boundary, while a string containing ‘#’ is not subject to such constraints. 5 above). This difference has received little systematic attention in the literature on lexical stratification; but it is clear that (given the way lexical stratification merely re-encodes the original ϩ/#-distinction) the same difference in terms of phonotactic constraints should be found between stratum-1 and stratum-2 formations.

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