Download Handbook of Phenomenology and Cognitive Science by Dan Zahavi (auth.), Daniel Schmicking, Shaun Gallagher PDF

By Dan Zahavi (auth.), Daniel Schmicking, Shaun Gallagher (eds.)

The Handbook of Phenomenology and Cognitive Science encompasses a accomplished and authoritative evaluation of the most principles and strategies at present used on the intersection of phenomenology and the neuro- and cognitive sciences. the concept that phenomenology, within the eu continental culture, has whatever to supply to the cognitive sciences is a comparatively fresh improvement in our try to comprehend the brain. the following in a single quantity the best researchers during this quarter handle the relevant subject matters that outline the intersection among phenomenological stories and the cognitive sciences. They deal with questions about method, the research of notion, reminiscence, mind's eye, recognition, emotion, intersubjectivity, the position of the physique and language, and so they discover various pathologies that throw mild on our daily reviews. The authors draw at the classical works of phenomenologists reminiscent of Husserl, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Gurwitsch, and Sartre, yet additionally they push the conventional strains of phenomenology to new obstacles, mapping out new terrain in reference to the empirical technology of the brain and physique. those essays are revelatory for either phenomenologists who are looking to comprehend what cognitive technology can give a contribution to an knowing of expertise, and for scientists who are looking to know the way they could use phenomenology of their empirical studies.

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A Toolbox of Phenomenological Methods 37 ‘Phenomenology’ is, in the twentieth century, mainly the name for a philosophical movement whose primary objective is the direct investigation and description of phenomena as consciously experienced, without theories about their causal explanation and as free as possible from unexamined preconceptions and presuppositions (Spiegelberg 1975, 3). Nota bene, Spiegelberg speaks of a movement, not a school, or a method. Phenomenology is not monolithic, as we will see in due course.

Phenomenological insights (concepts, distinctions) developed in separate phenomenological analyses, or in neurophenomenological experiments, are used to inform the design of experiments. To front load phenomenology, however, does not mean to simply presuppose phenomenological results obtained by others. Rather it involves testing those results and more generally a dialectical exchange between phenomenological insights and preliminary trials that will specify or extend these insights for purposes of the particular experiment or empirical investigation.

To train the subjects, open questions were asked to try to redirect their attention towards their own immediate mental processes before the recordings were taken. ’ Subject S1: ‘I had a growing sense of expectation, but not for a specific object; however when the figure appeared, I had a feeling of confirmation, no surprise at all’; or subject S4: ‘it was as if the image appeared in the periphery of my attention, but then my attention was suddenly swallowed up by the shape’. (Lutz et al. 2002) Open questions posed immediately after the task assist the subject in a reflective assessment of the degree of attention implemented during the task.

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