By Hans Kamp, U. Reyle
Preface This booklet is set semantics and common sense. extra particularly, it truly is in regards to the semantics and good judgment of usual language; and, much more in particular than that, it really is a few specific manner of facing these topics, often called Discourse illustration idea, or DRT. DRT is an strategy in the direction of typical language semantics which, a few 13 years in the past, arose out of makes an attempt to house exact difficulties. the 1st of these was once the semantic puzzle that have been dropped at contempo rary recognition by way of Geach's infamous "donkey sentences" - sentences like If Pedro owns a few donkey, he beats it, within which the anaphoric connection we understand among the indefinite noun word a few donkey and the pronoun it could actually appear to clash with the existential which means of the observe a few. the second one challenge needed to do with annoying and element. a few languages, for example French and the opposite Romance languages, have morphologically detailed prior tenses, an easy earlier (the French Passe basic) and a continual earlier (the French Imparfait). To articulate accurately what the adaptation among those tenses is has became out to be strangely difficult.
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Extra resources for From Discourse to Logic: Introduction to Modeltheoretic Semantics of Natural Language, Formal Logic and Discourse Representation Theory
101) V [ Num = un'/Plur] Trans Fin =+ -+ like, love, abhor, own, fascinate, rotate, ... -+ stink, rotate, ... 121) RPRO [ Num Gen = IHng/pluT = -hum 1 -> which Exercises 1. In the syntax trees that appear later in the book only those feature value specifications will be displayed which will be important in connection with the construction of the semantic representation. Give syntactic analyses of the following sentences in order to make sure that these displays result from syntactic trees that correspond to the grammar of this section simply by erasing the features that are irrelevant for the interpretation process.
In the syntax trees that appear later in the book only those feature value specifications will be displayed which will be important in connection with the construction of the semantic representation. Give syntactic analyses of the following sentences in order to make sure that these displays result from syntactic trees that correspond to the grammar of this section simply by erasing the features that are irrelevant for the interpretation process. 57 PRELIMIN ARIES (a) Jones owns Ulysses. (b) It fascinates him.
Strictly speaking features do not reduce the number of rules. But they permit us to keep down the number of rules that actually need to be written down in any presentation of the rule system. In other words, they permit us to keep the full abundance of rules off the page on which the grammar is displayed, and thus mercifully conceal it from the eye which confronts that page. To explain how this works we will continue to focus on number agreement. Like any other feature the number feature has a feature name.
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