By Elena L. Grigorenko, Robert J. Sternberg
What's the influence of the kinfolk setting on us, fairly with reference to our highbrow functioning? Does the position of early relatives surroundings put on off, as a few researchers have urged, or does it preserve or most likely even develop into extra vital as we get older? This booklet examines the interrelationship among family members surroundings and highbrow functioning in a lifespan standpoint. masking a variety of themes, it offers the main finished and updated exam of life-span kinfolk affects on quite a few elements of highbrow functionality. For cognitive, development/lifespan, and academic psychologists, and students learning the family members and its affects, this quantity can help: *students know about kin results; *researchers replace themselves during this lively quarter of research; *therapists comprehend difficulties in highbrow functioning of their consumers and in treating those consumers effectively; and *educators achieve a greater clutch on how the scholars they educate are items not just in their genes and environments, ordinarily, yet in their kinfolk environments, specifically.
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Additional info for Family Environment and Intellectual Functioning: A Life-span Perspective
We begin by offering working definitions of the family context and then consider theoretical frameworks for understanding the complex forces operating in family and social contexts. Using these theories as a guide, we discuss the multitude of constellations and practices that characterize families in our time. We explain general family processes that may affect development directly and in combination with other factors. We conclude with a discussion of the interplay between nature and nurture, emphasizing notions of reciprocity and responsivity within family relationships.
We also emphasize goodness of fit with respect to the fit between an individual family member and systemic features of the family context. The first step in exploring the family context is to define it. From a scientist's perspective, some aspects of families must be held constant in order to examine how variations in family contexts are associated with variations in child, adolescent, and adult development. However, families in our time are comprised of a multitude of constellations. The blessing and curse of this diversity in family forms and practices is that both between and within families, little is constant.
Lesbians, gay men, and the family life cycle. In B. Carter & M. ). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Kendler, K. (1996). Parenting: A genetic-epidemiologic perspective. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 11–20. Klebanov, P. , & McCormick, M. (1998). The contribution of neighborhood and family income to developmental test scores over the first three years of life. Child Development, 69, 1420–1436. Lamb, M. , &Thompson, R. (1997). The effects of divorce and custody arrangement on children's behavior, development, and adjustment.
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