Download Exploring the Thalamus and Its Role in Cortical Function, by S. Murray Sherman PDF

By S. Murray Sherman

The thalamus performs a severe position in perceptual processing, yet many questions stay approximately what thalamic actions give a contribution to sensory and motor services. during this e-book, pioneers in study at the thalamus learn the shut two-way relationships among thalamus and cerebral cortex and think about the specific services of the hyperlinks among the thalamus and the remainder of the mind. Countering the dominant "corticocentric" method of figuring out the cerebral cortex—which doesn't realize that each one neocortical components obtain vital inputs from the thalamus and ship outputs to reduce motor centers—S. Murray Sherman and R. W. Guillery argue for a reappraisal of how we expect concerning the cortex and its interactions with the remainder of the mind. The e-book defines a number of the sensible different types serious to realizing thalamic services, together with the differences among drivers (pathways that hold messages to the cortex) and modulators (which can swap the development of transmission) and among first-order and higher-order thalamic relays—the former receiving ascending drivers and the latter receiving cortical drivers. This moment version extra develops those differences with increased emphasis during the e-book at the function of the thalamus in cortical functionality. a big new bankruptcy indicates a structural foundation for linking notion and motion, providing aiding facts for a hyperlink usually missed in present perspectives of perceptual processing.

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Extra info for Exploring the Thalamus and Its Role in Cortical Function, Second Edition

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1998). The connections of the reticular nucleus lying on this pathway would then relate to this simple radiating pattern, with little interaction between adjacent sectors. However, the real-life situation is far more complex. Single thalamic nuclei can connect to several cortical areas, and vice versa, for both the driving and the modulatory connections. And many of the cortical maps are mirror reversals of each other, as are some of the thalamic maps. 7 shows two adjacent cortical areas carrying mirror-reversed topographic maps (represented by 3, 2, 1 and 1, 2, 3 in the cortex) and connected to a single thalamic nucleus.

2 contain higher order circuits and appear to receive most or all of their driving afferents from the cerebral cortex itself, so that the qualitative aspects of their receptive field properties, insofar as they can be defined, depend directly on cortical, not ascending, inputs. This distinction is discussed further in later chapters, particularly chapter 8. Here it is to be noted that the higher order thalamic relays, in addition to the driving afferents that they receive from cortex, also receive modulatory afferents from cortex and from the other structures noted previously for the first order nuclei.

Quantitative features include overall firing rate or pattern, size of the center or surround, relative strength of center or surround, etc. These quantitative features can be altered without changing the qualitative organization of the receptive field. 17 Introduction In summary, the thalamus can be regarded as a group of cells concerned, directly or indirectly, with passing on to the cerebral cortex information about almost everything that is happening in the central or peripheral nervous system.

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