By Gilles Authier
This quantity is a set of articles serious about the typology of valency and valence swap in a wide and different pattern of languages that demonstrate ergative alignment of their grammar. The pattern of languages represented in those descriptive contributions covers lots of the geographical parts and linguistic households during which ergativity has been identified to exist together with well-developed morphological voice, and a few languages belonging to households within which ergativity or voice weren't formerly well-known or properly defined in past times.
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Additional resources for Ergativity, Valency and Voice
Ergativity and voice in Mayan languages 29 However, as shown in the schema above and illustrated with examples in (9) below, certain types of complement clauses exhibit a pattern of split ergativity, in the context of a lack of aspect marking (shown in 9b and 9d), and the presence of an intransitive type of su‰x -ni 20 for transitive complement clause (in 9b). The ergative split manifests itself by the presence of the set A2/ergative marker used as indexation for the subject of an originally intransitive embedded verb (in 9d), as opposed to the expected set B2/absolutive: (9) [Jakaltek Popti’, Craig (1977)] a.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. du Bois, John W. 1987 The Discourse Basis of Ergativity. Language 63: 805–855. England, Nora C. ) 1978 Papers in Mayan linguistics. Columbia: Museum of Anthropology, Columbia University. England, Nora C. 1983 Ergativity in Mamean (Mayan) Languages. International Journal of American Linguistics 49: 1–19. England, Nora C. 1991 Changes in basic word order in Mayan languages. International Journal of American Linguistics 57: 446–486. England, Nora C. ’’ Language 68: 29–35.
Inc ‘We (inc) have seen it/him/them’ b. inc ‘We (inc) are coming’ c. excl ‘He is going to kill us (excl)’ For second and third person the explicit plural marking is the general -ik su‰x: (7) [Tsotsil, Aissen (1987)] a. i-s-man-Ø-ik cmp-a3-buy-b3-pl ‘They bought it’ b. ch-a-bat-ik icp-b2-go-pl ‘You(pl) are going’ This type of plural marking provided one of the arguments used by Aissen (1987) to demonstrate the existence of a ‘benefactive voice’ in the language, and the fact that the benefactive argument had taken on the role of direct object (or P grammatical relation).
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