Download Encyclopedia of Islam & the Muslim World by Richard C. Martin PDF

By Richard C. Martin

Because the quickest growing to be faith within the usa and the dominant faith in a large expanse of territory extending throughout Africa, Asia, the Balkans and Southern Russia, Islam is an more and more vital strength within the glossy global. Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim international appears at Islam's position within the sleek international, doing so within the context of the religion's heritage and improvement over the past thirteen centuries. Containing thematic articles, biographies of key figures, definitions, illustrations, maps and extra, this new encyclopedia fills a necessity during this key quarter of spiritual reports.

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Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1960. Tsiga, Ismaila A. Sheikh Abubakar Gumi: Where I Stand. , 1992. Rizwi Faizer Roman Loimeier ABU BAKR GUMI (1922–1992) Abu Bakr Gumi, born in Gumi/Sokoto province, northern Nigeria, was a leading personality in the development of the Nigerian Islamic reform movement and author of a number of influential works, such as Al- aqida as-sahiha bi-muwafaqat ash-shari a (The sound faith according to the prescriptions of the shari a) and Radd al-adhhan fi ma ani al-qur an (Reconsidering the meaning of the holy Qur an).

237 Expansion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243 Ibn Battuta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Volume one color insert Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408 Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410 Muhammad . . . . . . . . . .

1 Abd al-Hamid Ibn Badis Upon his release from house imprisonment in 1909, Abd al-Baha traveled to North Africa, Europe, and North America advocating a number of reforms for all countries, including the adoption of a universal auxiliary language, global collective security, mandatory education, and full legal and social equality for women and minorities. He also warned of a coming war in Europe and called for a just system of global government and international courts where disputes between nations could be resolved peacefully.

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