By Vincent Felten, Guillaume Tixier, François Guérold (auth.), Jean-François Férard, Christian Blaise (eds.)
With its 104 chapters, this Encyclopedia of aquatic ecotoxicology finds the variety of matters, difficulties and demanding situations that experience confronted, and are dealing with at the present time, receiving environments. It additionally shows methods during which instruments, innovations and destiny investigations can give a contribution to right, reduce, remedy and stop water caliber degradation.
Structured homogeneously, the chapters show salient info on historic history, positive factors, features, makes use of and/or functions of handled issues, usually complemented by way of illustrations and case reports, in addition to by way of conclusions and customers. This paintings is best suited for instructing reasons. lecturers, for instance, may perhaps actually bring accomplished lectures to scholars easily according to bankruptcy outlines and contents.
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Aquatic Ecotoxicology
Streamwater). Under normal conditions (circumneutral, pH % 7), the internal medium tends to passively lose ions and gain water. , active uptake by gill chloride cells). In acidified waters, higher proton (H+) and/or aluminum (certain forms) concentrations induce a dysfunction of iono-/osmoregulation due to gill alteration (Karlsson-Norrgren et al. 1986; A 6 Acid Rain Ecotoxicity Goossenaerts et al. 1988). Failure to compensate for ion losses and water entry leads organisms to death. The situation is amplified when waters are demineralized as it enhances the difficulty to uptake ions from water.
Freshwater Biol 39:387–396 Colin JL, Renard D, Lescoat V et al (1989) Relationship between rain and snow acidity and air mass trajectory in Eastern France. Atmos Environ 23:1487–1498 Courtney LA, Clements W (1998) Effects of acidic pH on benthic macroinvertebrate communities in stream microcosms. Hydrobiologia 379:135–145 Cummins KW, Coffman WP, Rolf PA (1966) Trophic relations in a small woodland stream. Verh Int Verein Limnol 16:627–638 Cummins KW, Wilzbach MA, Gates DM et al (1989) Shredders and riparian vegetation.
Understanding both the biological effects and ecological consequences of episodic acidity has deep implications for defining recovery management strategies. In the current context of ecosystem recovery from acidification, physiological variables, such as hemolymph [Cl+] and [Na+], would be interesting monitoring tools of the suitability, in terms of chemical quality, of aquatic environments for the recolonization of acid-sensitive species. , on the settlement of sensitive species populations and the sustainability of these populations).
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