By Veena Kumari, Petr Bob, Nash N. Boutros
Psychophysiology is an ever increasing box. the applying of psychophysiological investigations to psychiatric problems is also increasing and has in truth shed a lot gentle on a few of the neural strategies contributing to the advance of psychiatric signs and/or their amelioration following therapy. within the first a part of this quantity, now we have chosen a few stipulations the place psychophysiological investigations have lately supplied a few perception into the pathophysiology of a selected manifestation (e.g., dissociation) or a disease. even if this quantity has a chief specialise in electrophysiological investigative modalities the place neuroimaging used to be complimentary this extra perception used to be incorporated. the second one a part of the quantity specializes in novel makes use of of psychophysiological measures, combining it with neuropsychology and imaging the place attainable, within the context of neuropsychiatric learn and describes complex analytical instruments. either simple and medical investigators during this box may still locate the stories and interpretations supplied transparent and informative. Clinicians will locate this quantity effortless to assimilate. whereas direct scientific purposes should be down the line, the insights supplied may help the working towards clinicians to have less assailable figuring out of the complexity of the illness they deal with in daily practice.
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Additional info for Electrophysiology and Psychophysiology in Psychiatry and Psychopharmacology
2012). In a study devoted to finding neurophysiological signs that might be helpful in distinguishing BD from schizophrenia in a reliable way, Whalley et al. (2012) examined the fMRI literature, from which they found evidence that overactivation in the medial temporal lobe in emotion and memory tasks—occurred in BD more so than in schizophrenia. As to the distinction between, versus the similarity of, BD and schizophrenia, at least from the standpoint of pharmacological response, it is of interest that in a recent Danish study, clozapine proved useful not just in schizophrenia, but also in refractory BD (Nielsen et al.
These distinctions are important, for if we are to pan for the ‘‘gold’’ of bipolarity in the waters of the ‘‘borderline’’, our yield will be considerably higher (perhaps by a factor of four) if we begin with a sample of BPD patients, rather than of one with BPO. This has relevance when, in the next section, we review the findings of studies on the neurophysiology of borderline conditions (which indeed do rely on samples of BPD patients). There is an added factor pertaining to variations in sample.
She adds: ‘‘…territorial behavior, in humans and other primates, is more strongly developed in males. Thus, emotional responses that facilitate aggression (anger, contempt) may have been of greater value to men…Conversely, early female typical tasks such as food gathering and child care were less confrontation and dangerous…Women present more often than men with disorders of prosocial emotions. That is, they are more likely than men to suffer from intense and prolonged feelings of fear and sadness’’ (ibid, p.
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