Download Early Mongol Rule in Thirteenth-Century Iran: A Persian by George E. Lane PDF

By George E. Lane

An account of the re-emergence of Persia as a global participant and the reassertion of its cultural, political and non secular hyperlinks with Turkic Lands, this booklet opposes the best way, for too lengthy, the full interval of Mongol domination of Iran has been considered from a unfavorable viewpoint. although arguably the preliminary irruption of the Mongols introduced little convenience to these in its direction, this isn't the case with the second one 'invasion' of the Chinggisids. This examine demonstrates that Hülegü Khan was once welcomed as a king and a saviour after the depredations of his predecessors, instead of as a conqueror, and that the preliminary a long time of his dynasty's rule have been characterized through a renaissance within the cultural lifetime of the Iranian plateau.

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180 The thirteenth-century chronicler of the caliphs, HindshÇh b. Sanjar b. AbdallÇh ÍǪib¥ NakhjavÇn¥ is sympathetic to the wazir and recounts how his sound but unwelcome advice failed to deter the caliph from his suicidal course of inaction. 181 Even though the verdict on the role of the Shi a in the fall of the House of ‘AbbÇs must remain open with only Na‚¥r al-D¥n ˝s¥’s role clearly attested to, Iranian, in its widest sense, and Muslim involvement and complicity in the destruction of Baghdad must be acknowledged and considered when apportioning blame and assessing the impact of this so-called catastrophe.

However though there is no reason to doubt that the resolution to subjugate both parties was ever present in Hülegü’s mind the assumption that he was determined on bloody confrontation and physical extermination is not borne out by the sources. This might seem surprising since in Qaraqorum the IsmÇ ¥l¥s’ own propaganda had been particularly effective. The fear and loathing they inspired was way out of proportion to their size or any actual threat that they could realistically have posed. Their strength lay to a great extent on the legend of their ability to strike any time, anywhere and at anyone that they so chose.

After the plundering and killing had ceased, in recognition of the esteem that Ibn ˝Çws was held in by Baghdad’s ulamÇ , his endorsement of Hülegü, and his ruling that a just infidel ruler was preferable to an unjust Muslim ruler, was accepted by all. 164 Subsequently, Hülegü provided safe conduct to Ibn ˝Çws, his family and friends, 1,000 persons in all, and the group was escorted to Óilla. 166 Wa‚‚Çf repeats the story that the citizens of Óilla had contacted Hülegü prior to the fall of Baghdad in the name of three of their leading Shi ite divines including Ibn ˝Çws.

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