By Nevzat Uyanık
Prior to global struggle I, American involvement in Armenian affairs used to be restricted to missionary and academic pursuits. This used to be opposite to Britain, which had performed a key function within the diplomatic area because the Treaty of Berlin in 1878, while the Armenian query had develop into a subject matter of significant energy international relations. even if, via the tip of the warfare the dynamics of the overseas method had gone through drastic swap, with the USA rising as one of many basic powers politically thinking about the Armenian factor.
Dismantling the Ottoman Empire explores this evolution of the us’ position within the close to East, from politically far-off and remoted strength to assertive significant participant. via cautious research of the interplay of Anglo-American rules vis-à-vis the Ottoman Armenians, from the nice warfare in the course of the Lausanne Peace convention, it examines the switch in British and American techniques in the direction of the zone in gentle of the strain among the notions of recent international relations vs. previous international relations. The publication additionally highlights the clash among humanitarianism and geostrategic pursuits, which used to be a very impressive point of the Armenian query through the battle and put up conflict interval. utilizing fabric drawn from public and private documents and collections, it sheds gentle at the geopolitical dynamics and intricacies of serious strength politics with their long-lasting results at the reshuffling of the center East.
The publication will be of curiosity to students and scholars of political & diplomatic heritage, close to japanese affairs, American and British international relations firstly of the 20th century, the heritage of the Ottoman Empire, the center East and the Caucasus.
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Additional info for Dismantling the Ottoman Empire: Britain, America and the Armenian question
With each “reform scheme,” the Ottoman elites saw an increase in encroachment by one or the other foreign power that added further complication to an already checkered situation. 1 In addition to political difficulties, there were also deeper economic and strategic forces at work that militated against Ottoman endeavors to arrest the looming likelihood of a total disintegration. e. the extraterritorial concessions to foreigners in commercial, judicial, and criminal affairs, upon the empire’s socioeconomic fabric and domestic cohesion.
The British Foreign Office estimated the Armenian population in 1912 in Thrace and Asia Minor vilayets of the Ottoman Empire, including Sivas and Trabzon but excluding the provinces in eastern Anatolia, at 673,600. 31 During the reform program of 1912–14, British officials did not think that population figures put forth by the Armenian leaders were trustworthy. They considered these overblown demographic claims as deliberate attempts to justify political aspirations for territory. The Armenian bishop at Erzurum provided the British consul with figures of Armenian population as over one million in the six vilayets.
6’20154--dc23 2015012254 ISBN: 978-1-138-91402-5 (hbk) ISBN: 9-781-315-69106-0 (ebk) Typeset in Times New Roman by Saxon Graphics Limited, Derby Contents List of tables Introduction 1 On the eve of the Great War British diplomacy and the Armenian crisis of 1912–14 Missionary America and Ottoman Armenians 2 War, humanitarian relief, and propaganda (1914–17) British war aims and Ottoman Armenians American policy and its response to the relocation of Ottoman Armenians British propaganda and American involvement Wellington House and American missionaries 3 America at war and the resurrection of the Armenian question (1917–18) Non-belligerents at war: America and the Ottoman Empire British pressure and the revival of the Armenian question 4 New vs.
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