Download Digital Libraries (Digital Libraries and Electronic by William Y. Arms PDF

By William Y. Arms

The emergence of the web and the large availability of reasonable computing gear have created super curiosity in electronic libraries and digital publishing. This e-book is the 1st to supply an built-in assessment of the sphere, together with a old standpoint, the state-of-the-art, and present examine. The time period "digital libraries" covers the production and distribution of every kind of data over networks, starting from switched over ancient fabrics to forms of info that experience no analogues within the actual global. In many ways electronic libraries and standard libraries are very assorted, but in alternative ways they're remarkably related. humans nonetheless create info that should be prepared, saved, and allotted, they usually nonetheless have to locate and use details that others have created. An underlying subject matter of this e-book is that no point of electronic libraries should be understood in isolation or with out consciousness to the wishes of the folks who create and use details. even though the e-book covers quite a lot of technical, financial, social, and organizational subject matters, the focal point is at the genuine operating parts of a electronic library.

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Research in this field is at least thirty years old, but the basic approach has changed little. A user expresses a request as a query. " The task of information retrieval is to find objects in the collection that match the query. Since a computer does not have the time to go through the entire collection for each search, looking at every object separately, the computer must have an index of some sort that allows information retrieval by looking up entries in indexes. As computers have grown more powerful and the price of storage declined, methods of information retrieval have moved from carefully controlled searching of short records, such as catalog records or those used by abstracting and indexing services, to searching the full text of every word in large collections.

Therefore, libraries are accustomed to taking core technology from other fields and tailoring it to their needs. This chapter introduces several such areas, most of which are described more fully in later chapters. Resource sharing and online catalogs In libraries, the word "networking" has two meanings. Before modern computer networks, libraries had a wide variety of arrangements to share resources. These include inter-library lending, reciprocal reading privileges between institutions, and the exchange of photocopies.

Gif"> is an instruction to insert an image that is stored in a separate file. The abbreviation "img" stands for "image" and "src" for "source". The string that follows is the name of the file in which the image is stored. The introduction of this simple command by Mosaic brought color images to the Internet. Before the web, Internet applications were drab. Common applications used unformatted text with no images. The web was the first, widely used system to combine formatted text and color images.

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