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By Michael Coppedge

Democratization and examine tools is a coherent survey and critique of either democratization examine and the method of comparative politics. the 2 topics improve one another: the democratization literature illustrates the benefits and downsides of assorted methodological methods, and the critique of equipment is sensible of the enormous and bewildering democratization box. Michael Coppedge argues that every of the 3 major methods in comparative politics - case reviews and comparative histories, formal modeling, and large-sample statistical research - accomplishes one basic examine aim quite good: "thickness," integration, and generalization, respectively. in the course of the publication, accomplished surveys of democratization learn show that every procedure accomplishes the sort of objectives good however the different poorly. Chapters disguise conceptualization and dimension, case stories and comparative histories, formal types and theories, political tradition and survey examine, and quantitative trying out. the ultimate bankruptcy summarizes the kingdom of data approximately democratization and lays out an time table for multimethod study.

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A. c ^ • ^ A \ 4 \ W b. Inefficient Random r ^Js/V-\#^fS\r~^J\? c. Either Variable Type of Error d dotted lines represent the ent error. •6' Type of Inference d. the dependent variable O Random Inefficient but not biased e. 14 The democracy indicators found in the Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive (Banks 1979), which continued the Banks and Textor Cross-Polity Survey (Banks and Textor 1963), tended to be more favorable to Eastern Europe or communist countries and harsher on countries with recent coups, whereas Freedom House tended to overrate Catholic monarchies and underrate communist regimes.

Despite the fact that democracy is demonstrably a multidimensional phenomenon, and probably more multidimensional the more richly it is defined, most existing indicators focus on just one of its dimensions contestation. The bright side is that contestation has been measured adequately for very large-sample comparisons. net). Democratization and research methods be sufficiently reliable to be useful for intraregional comparisons, but to the extent that there is measurement error, it does not seem to pose much of a problem for research on causes of democracy in large and diverse samples.

Both complain about the lack of realism in rational-choice theory, yet formal theorists have tried to brand propositions in both large-sample and case-study 1 2 This quality is more commonly called truth preserving, which is a misnomer, because logic and mathematics can preserve either truth or fiction, depending on the nature of the assumptions. This characteristic would be better called fidelity to assumptions. Mahoney, for example, categorizes case-oriented causes as (1) necessary and sufficient, (2) necessary but not sufficient, (3) sufficient but not necessary, (4) insufficient but necessary parts of a condition that is unnecessary but sufficient (INUS causes), or (5) sufficient but unnecessary parts of a factor that is insufficient but necessary (SUIN causes) (Mahoney 2008).

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