By Francois Recanati, Isidora Stojanovic, Neftali Villanueva
This quantity brings jointly unique papers by means of linguists and philosophers at the position of context and point of view in language and proposal. a number of contributions are thinking about the contextualism/relativism debate, which has loomed huge in contemporary philosophical discussions. In a considerable creation, the editors survey the sphere and map out the appropriate concerns and positions.
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Extra resources for Context-Dependence, Perspective and Relativity
The case of faultless disagreement is analogous to the case where Perry, who is in Palo Alto, judges the aboutness-content it is raining to be true, while his son, who is in Murdock, judges this same aboutness-content to be false. In this case Perry’s it is raining thought con- 38 Lenny Clapp cerns Palo Alto, whereas Perry’s son’s it is raining thought concerns Murdock. Assuming that at the time of judgment it is raining in Palo Alto, but not in Murdock, both Perry and his son are correct. The shared aboutnesscontent that Perry avows and his son disavows is the propositional function from locations L to propositions, propositions that are true iff it is raining at L.
But under the proposed compromise analysis, in uttering (4) I do not tacitly refer to a notion that represents Palo Alto, since Palo Alto is an unarticulated constituent of the concerning-content of Perry’s son’s belief, there is no such notion that fills the relevant role of the proposition. But this means that the compromise analysis lacks the resources to solve puzzle cases involving such unarticulated constituents, and it is not difficult to formulate such puzzle cases. Consider again the above described case involving Perry’s exhausted son.
But in proposing his own unarticulated constituent analysis of belief reports is Perry not himself guilty of committing the subject matter fallacy? Taylor, who is making essentially the same point, puts it this way: One might have expected Perry to say that the mistake of many previously extant approaches to attitude statements is to assume that embedding somehow effects, for good or for ill, the subject matter of the relevant [utterance]. … To think otherwise, one might have expected Perry to say, is to commit a subject matter fallacy” (2007: 217).
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