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By Denis Vovchenko

Containing Balkan Nationalism makes a speciality of the results of the Bulgarian nationwide circulate that constructed within the context of Ottoman modernization and of eu imperialism within the close to East. The move aimed to accomplish the prestige of an self sustaining Bulgarian Orthodox church, removal ethnic Bulgarians from the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Constantinople. This autonomous church prestige intended felony and cultural autonomy in the Islamic constitution of the Ottoman Empire, which famous spiritual minorities instead of ethnic ones.

Denis Vovchenko exhibits how Russian policymakers, intellectuals, and prelates labored including the Ottoman executive, Balkan and different diplomats, and rival church buildings, to comprise and defuse ethnic clash between Ottoman Christians during the promoting of supraethnic spiritual associations and identities. The anticipated preparations have been frequently encouraged by means of glossy visions of a political and cultural union of Orthodox Slavs and Greeks. no matter if learned or no longer, they tested the energy and suppleness of supranational identities and associations at the eve of the 1st global warfare. The ebook encourages modern analysts and policymakers to discover the opportunity of such conventional loyalties to defuse present ethnic tensions and function natural possible choices to accepted types of power-sharing and federation.

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Additional resources for Containing Balkan nationalism : imperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856-1914

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49. Chazan, Naomi, Irredentism and International Politics (Boulder and London: Lynne Rienner and Adamantine Press, 1991). 50. , Ethnic Conflict and International Security (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993); Gagnon, V. , “Ethnic Nationalism and International Conflict: The Case of Serbia,” International Security, 21, 2 (2006): 130– ​166. 52 Furthermore, modern analysts despair of any real possibility of diminishing the potentially disruptive political role of ethnicity53 and of promoting supra-​ethnic identities54 because they focus on the implementation of often well-​intentioned but artificial frameworks and limit themselves to drawing on a small selection of case studies over the last thirty years or so.

As the guardian of the only correct or “Orthodox” form of Christianity and as the successor to St. 5 Aware of such dangerous implications of Orthodox Christianity, newly converted rulers of medieval Bulgaria, Serbia, and Kievan Rus demanded independence or autocephaly for their churches from the Patriarchate of Constantinople. With that goal in mind, Prince Yaroslav of Kiev raised the ecclesiastical status of his capital in 1037. Now it was the seat of the archbishop or metropolitan. 6 Kievan Rus never seemed to have acknowledged universal political pretensions coming from Constantinople.

Structure This book is organized chronologically into seven chapters. The first chapter provides background on the status of religious minorities in Islamic states with special emphasis on the situation of Orthodox Christians in the Ottoman Empire before the Crimean War (1853–​1856). It also explains how after 1453 the Russian imperial government and society developed the political and cultural traditions of protection and sponsorship of their coreligionists in the Balkans and the Middle East who were primarily represented by the Patriarchate of Constantinople.

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