By Gordon Newby
Writing approximately Islam in one quantity is a frightening activity, however it is person who I fortunately took on as a result of my longstanding wish to aid extra humans within the English-speaking international comprehend and relish this faith. Islam isn't just an international faith, claiming a couple of 5th of the world’s inhabitants, it's also a method of tradition and politics. Muslims are present in so much nations of the realm, talking lots of the world’s languages. there's no vital authority which may converse for all Muslims, and there's no unmarried method to be a Muslim. it's, just like the different nice religions of the area, different, dynamic, and hard to outline in just a number of phrases, phrases, and entries.
Read or Download Concise Encyclopedia of Islam PDF
Similar encyclopedia books
Greater than part a century after the beginning of rock, the musical style that begun as a rebellious underground phenomenon is now said as America's-and the world's-most renowned and influential musical medium, in addition to the soundtrack to a number of generations' worthy of historical past. From Ray Charles to Joni Mitchell to Nirvana, rock tune has been an indisputable strength in either reflecting and shaping our cultural panorama.
Containing over three hundred entries in an A-Z structure, the Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing presents effortless, intuitive entry to correct info for execs and researchers looking entry to any point in the vast box of parallel computing. themes for this accomplished reference have been chosen, written, and peer-reviewed by way of a global pool of extraordinary researchers within the box.
- An Encyclopaedia of Pacifism
- Encyclopedia of Soil Science
- Encyclopedia of Modern French Thought
- Encyclopedia of the History of Psychological Theories
Additional resources for Concise Encyclopedia of Islam
Adab (Arabic: knowledge, politeness, and education) ˆ ad h a ˙˙ See ¤Iˆd al-Adhaˆ. ” Knowledge of the two combine to form a complete Muslim. Adam The ﬁrst human created by God, and known as Abuˆ Bashar, the Father of Humans, he was created out of clay and allowed to dry, after which God breathed into him His spirit. He is said in the Qur'aˆn to be God’s viceroy, and to have been taught all the names of things in the universe, which set him above the angels. All the angels prostrated themselves before Adam except the rebellious Iblıˆs.
Aya Sofya The largest mosque in Istanbul, it was originally the main church and seat of the Metropolitan of Greek Christianity, built by Constantius, the son of Constantine, in the middle of the fourth century. ” When the city was taken by Muslims in 1453, the interior of the church was stripped of its Christian symbols and converted to a mosque. As a church, it was oriented toward Jerusalem, so various changes were made to redirect the qiblah toward Mecca. During Ottoman times, it was the chief mosque.
He was almost on the point of renouncing honey when she told him that it was a joke. In her later years, she assumed the role of leading matriarch of the community and a source of information about the Prophet. Particularly among the Sunnıˆ, she was known as the “Mother of the Believers,” the ' Umm al-Mu' minıˆn. As with the other wives of the Prophet, she was forbidden to remarry after Muham˙ mad’s death, and was left a childless widow. Her political activity surrounding the caliph ¤Uthmaˆn is the subject of some controversy.
- Download Atrocities, Massacres, and War Crimes: An Encyclopedia, by Alexander Mikaberidze PDF
- Download Polymeric Sensors and Actuators by Johannes Karl Fink PDF