By Luca Escoffier, Mario Ganau, Julielynn Wong
The nanotechnology is a fast-growing quarter with an enormous strength for novel purposes and awesome earnings, however it is dealing with a tricky second a result of present turmoil and the doubts raised via these calling for a moratorium in examine actions so long as the doubtless adversarial results of this self-discipline will not be totally ascertained.
The e-book starts off with a radical advent to nanotechnology and nanomedicine and their investment resources. as soon as the contours of the subject material are pointed out, a scrutiny of the laws at the moment appropriate to nanotechnology and nanomedicine is performed including the exam of the highbrow estate rights that may be envisaged to guard and valorize the acknowledged ideas. using patents and different manageable routes are thought of, including the present valuation equipment, which convey how a quantitative valuation during this box isn't really available. The examine duly considers the monetization of thoughts via usual and nonconventional recommendations like advert hoc projects, auctions, and brokerage.
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Additional info for Commercializing nanomedicine : industrial applications, patents, and ethics
8 nm have been developed. These bimetallic agents enhance the contrast of blood vessels and oﬀer great potential for use as intravascular contrast agents in MRI angiography . Colloidal magnetic nanoparticles represent another group of agents for the visualization of organs by MRI. They combine a small size with strong magnetism, have high biocompatibility, and can bind to the desired receptors through an active functional group. When coupled to cancer-targeting antibodies, nanocrystals showed huge advantages for monitoring in vivo human cancer cells implanted in live mice .
3 Dip-Pen Nanolithography While studying a process through which molecules could be transferred to a wide variety of surfaces to create stable chemically adsorbed monolayers in a high-resolution lithographic process, Mirkin and colleagues termed “DPN” a scanning probe lithography technique where an atomic force microscope tip was used to transfer alkane thiolates to a gold surface [10, 11]. ” DPN enables direct deposition of nanoscale materials onto a substrate in a ﬂexible manner. Recent advances have demonstrated massively parallel patterning using 2D arrays of 55,000 tips.
1 Scheme of lithographic techniques. nanometers in size), while maintaining exact control over the shape and size of the objects created (see Fig. 1). Photolithography, a very cost-eﬀective process used in microfabrication, is one of the most commonly exploited techniques for patterning of thin ﬁlms: in other words it allows us to transfer a geometric pattern from a photomask to a light-sensitive chemical photoresist on the substrate . Photolithography is therefore a binary process: it segregates a surface into regions that are exposed to a modiﬁcation and regions that are masked from that modiﬁcation.
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