By Vimla L. Patel PhD, DSc, FRSC (auth.), Vimla L. Patel, David R. Kaufman, Trevor Cohen (eds.)
Enormous advances in info know-how have permeated basically all aspects of existence some time past twenty years. bold demanding situations stay in fostering instruments that improve productiveness yet are delicate to paintings practices. Cognitive Informatics (CI) is the multidisciplinary examine of cognition, info and computational sciences that investigates all features of human computing together with layout and computer-mediated clever motion, therefore is strongly grounded in tools and theories from cognitive technological know-how. As an utilized self-discipline, it has a detailed association with human elements and human-computer interplay, and offers a framework for the research and modeling of advanced human functionality in technology-mediated settings and contributes to the layout and improvement of higher details structures. lately, CI has emerged as a special region with unique relevance to biomedicine and future health care. moreover, it has develop into a starting place for schooling and coaching of wellbeing and fitness informaticians, the place of work of the nationwide Coordinator for health and wellbeing info know-how beginning a software together with CI as one among its serious components to help wellbeing and fitness IT curriculum improvement. This publication represents a primary textbook on cognitive informatics and may concentrate on key examples drawn from the applying of equipment and theories from CI to demanding situations relating the perform of critical-care drugs (CCM). expertise is reworking severe care workflows and re-organizing sufferer care administration procedures. CCM has confirmed to be a fertile attempt mattress for theories and techniques of cognitive informatics. CI, in flip, has contributed a lot to our knowing of the standards that bring about complexity and sufferer blunders. the subject is strongly interdisciplinary and may be vital for people from a variety of educational backgrounds, together with serious care experts, psychologists, desktop scientists, clinical informaticians, and anthropologists.
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Additional resources for Cognitive Informatics in Health and Biomedicine: Case Studies on Critical Care, Complexity and Errors
Razzouk E, Cohen T, Almoosa K, Patel VL. Approaching the limits of knowledge: the influence of priming on error detection in simulated clinical rounds. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2011;2011:1155–64. 13. Kubose TT, Patel VL, Jordan D. Dynamic adaptation to critical care medical environment: error recovery as cognitive activity. In: Proceedings of the 24th annual meeting of the cognitive science society. Fairfax, Virginia; 2002. p. 43–4. 14. Cohen T, Blatter B, Almeida C, Patel VL. Reevaluating recovery: perceived violations and preemptive interventions on emergency psychiatry rounds.
2009;2009:662–6. 19. Hales BM, Pronovost PJ. The checklist-a tool for error management and performance improvement. J Crit Care. 2006;21(3):231–5. 20. Kahol K, Vankipuram M, Patel VL, Smith ML. Deviations from protocol in a complex trauma environment: errors or innovations? J Biomed Inform. 2011;44(3):425–31. 21. Myneni S, McGinnis D, Almoosa K, Cohen T, Patel B, Patel VL. Effective use of clinical decision support in critical care: using risk assessment framework for evaluation of a computerized weaning protocol.
4 of this volume. An optimistic interpretation of this finding suggests opportunities for intervention, as while training programs are deliberately designed to impart knowledge; it is not generally the case that training directed specifically at error recovery is incorporated. To complement our paper-based and virtual-world studies, we developed an approach to capturing error recovery in its natural environment (Chap. 4), the clinical unit in the context of a collaborative round. To do so, we again created cases with embedded errors.
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