Download Cancer Disparities: Causes and Evidence-Based Solutions by American Cancer Society, Ronit Elk Ph.D., Hope Landrine PDF

By American Cancer Society, Ronit Elk Ph.D., Hope Landrine Ph.D.

Melanoma isn't really randomly disbursed within the usa. Its occurrence varies through race, ethnicity, socioeconomic prestige, and different geographic and demographic components. This quantity, co-published with the yankee melanoma Society, is the 1st to ascertain the organic, racial, and socioeconomic elements that effect melanoma prevalence and survival. furthermore, it offers 15 formerly unpublished, evidence-based interventions to minimize and put off melanoma disparities. The ebook explains the character, scope, and motives of melanoma disparities throughout assorted populations after which offers targeted courses confirmed to lessen such inequalities within the parts of melanoma prevention, screening and early detection, therapy, and survivorship. They characterize numerous cancers, populations, and groups around the U.S. Descriptions of every intervention contain exams of effectiveness and are written in enough aspect for readers to copy them inside their very own groups. Key good points: deals an in-depth examine the most recent learn at the back of melanoma disparities Written by way of hugely revered and released melanoma researchers comprises 15 never-before released, evidence-based interventions that readers can reflect Discusses breast, colorectal, cervical, and different pernicious cancers comprises interventions for African-American, Hispanic, local American, and different populations

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Wolff, D. , . . Lyman, G. H. (2007). Effect of patient socioeconomic status and body mass index on the quality of breast cancer adjuvant chemotherapy. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 25, 277–284. , & Kramer, B. (1995). Geographic, age, and racial variation in the treatment of local/regional carcinoma of the prostate. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 13, 93–100. , Greenberg, R. , . . Heymsfield, S. B. (1993). Estrogen receptor status and dietary intakes in breast cancer patients. Epidemiology, 4, 25–31.

Poor Americans are also more likely to be overweight or obese, and less likely to consume diets high in fruits and vegetables, compared to middleand upper-middle-class Americans (Satia-Abouta, Patterson, Neuhouser, & Elder, 2002). Area of residence, too, can be a factor in cancer risk. In the United States, area of residence can be viewed as rural versus urban, with differing access to health care. It can include living in polluted areas with greater exposure to disease-causing chemicals, such as a landfill or an industrial area (Law & Morris, 1998).

For example, boys who served as chimney sweeps in the 18th century were observed to develop scrotal cancer, an otherwise rare form of cancer that was triggered by some of the chemicals in the soot that came in contact with their tissues (Cherniack, 1992; Hall, 1998). In the late 19th century, epidemiologic studies identified an excessive occurrence of bladder cancer among workers in the aniline dye industry. Since that time, multiple studies have firmly established that the risk of bladder cancer increases with exposure to a variety of industrial chemicals known to have carcinogenic effects, including naphthylamine, methylene dianiline, and toluidine (Golka, Wiese, Assennato, & Bolt, 2004).

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