By Louis Goossens, Paul Pauwels, Brygida Rudzka-Ostyn, Anne-Marie Simon-Vandenbergen, Johan Vanparys
This quantity includes seven synchronic and diachronic empirical investigations into the expression and conceptualization of linguistic motion in English, concentrating on figurative extensions. the next concerns are explored:
• resource domain names, and their relation to the complexities of linguistic motion as a objective domain.
• The function of axiological parameter, the experiential grounding of metaphors expressing price decisions and the half performed through image-schemata, how worth decisions turn up and their socio-cultural embedding.
• The graded personality of metaphoricity and its correlation with levels of recoverability/salience.
• The interplay of metonymy and metaphor, e.g. the query what elements encourage the conventionalization of metonymies, along with the viewpoint that conventionalized metaphors often have a metonymic origin.
• The position of image-schemata within the association and improvement of a lexical subfield, which increases new questions about the character of metaphor, the id of resource and aim domain names and the Invariance speculation.
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Additional resources for By Word of Mouth: Metaphor, Metonymy and Linguistic Action in a Cognitive Perspective
The same applies to eat one's heart out, which moreover relies on the domain of eating. The domain of punishment extends into the domain of human-animal interaction with metaphors like muzzle and rub someone's nose in the dirt (treatment of puppies). By far the largest subgroup involves the description of violent actions pure and simple. In metaphors like boot out, kick someone around, tear apart, choke off, the relationship between agent and experiencer is transferred onto the LA domain. The relationship is asymmetrical, in that the experiencer is clearly in no position to fight back.
For instance, flow (70-71) indicates smoothness, perhaps even elegance, while filter (72) involves reduction in contents slowness: (70) As the ladies drank their tea, conversation began to flow. (LDOCE) (71) Her words flowed on, in perfect sentences. (COBUILD) (72) Disturbing rumours filtered back from the East. (COBUILD) In other expressions, words fly through the air (73) - or they fall down (74). In the latter case, they fail to reach their destination; that is, they fail to produce the desired effect.
O. off his feet. Additional examples of cognitive or emotional effects phrased in terms of physical effects include: (101) His funny story really broke me up. (LDOCE) (102) I will not burden you with a lengthy account. (LDOCE) (103) News that the king had imprisoned many parliamentary officals threatened to convulse the country. (LDOCE) (104) That joke really creased me. 11 Verbal aggression as physical aggression One of the better known metaphorical clusters introduced by Lakoff and Johnson (1980) is ARGUMENT IS WAR (see also Lakoff 1992).
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