By Michael Decker, Miltos Ladikas, S. Stephan, Katharina Mader
This ebook summarises the result of the venture TAMI (Technology evaluate in Europe; among process and Impact); a two-year venture that introduced jointly the most institutes of know-how overview in Europe, either parliamentary and non-parliamentary ones. TAMI created a based discussion among expertise overview specialists and policymakers on present methodologies and their influence in policymaking.
The TAMI crew explored and assessed the complete spectrum of methodologies from the "classical" to the "interactive/participatory" and "communicative", pointed out reliable practices in venture implementation and set the level for impression review in accordance with target standards. in addition the workforce investigated wider influencing components in expertise review, starting from "institutional settings" to "lobbying activities", "industry know-how overview" and "cultural points" which are additionally awarded intimately. ultimately the ebook bargains a chain of coverage thoughts in response to the findings of the venture.
Science, Society and coverage, are 3 components that know-how review services inside and works for; this booklet is an try to enhance the interplay among them for a extra socially and economically sustainable technology and expertise coverage in Europe.
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Extra info for Bridges between Science, Society and Policy: Technology Assessment — Methods and Impacts
It is similar to the original Delphi exercise but based on group interactions instead of individual written respon es. During a group Delphi all participants meet face to face and make the assessments in randomly a igned mall g roups of three and four. The group whose average scores deviate most from the median of all other groups are requested to defend thei r position in a plenary session. Then the mall groups are reshuffled and perform the same task again. This process can be iterated three or four times until no further significant change are made.
In all these different types of issues the situation appreciation includes investigating the relationship between the specific TA issue and the specific context the TA project has to face. This usually will allow identification of the TA relevant aspects of issue and context in more detail. This fact, however, makes obvious that an individual TA-project touches all the above mentioned dimensions. A project that is domain oriented must, of course, consider the technologies involved and look at the consequences.
Practically, situation appreciation is part of the pre-phase of a TA project. Usually a kind of discourse analysis is used in order to draw a "map" of the ongoing debate. Who are the relevant actors and what arguments do they use? Which positions do they take against each other? Moreover, a media analysis, to investigate positions in the debate and the public resonance to a specific topic, can support such a discourse analysis as well as expert interviews and expert or stakeholder surveys, which should help clarify arguments and positions.
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