Download Auditory Computation by Harold L. Hawkins, Teresa A. McMullen, Richard R. Fay PDF

By Harold L. Hawkins, Teresa A. McMullen, Richard R. Fay

The auditory process provides many good points of a fancy computational atmosphere, in addition to supplying a number of possibilities for computational research. This quantity represents an summary of computational ways to knowing auditory procedure functionality. The chapters proportion the typical point of view that complicated info processing has to be understood at a number of degrees; that disciplines corresponding to neurobiology, psychophysics, and laptop technology make important contributions; and that the top fabricated from computational research can be the improvement of formal models.

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Shaw's measurement of PT/Ppw in human ears suggested an even broader peak. ) At higher frequencies, plane wave models of the ear fail and measurements become complicated by variations in the sound pressure that occur within single cross sections of the canal (Khanna and Stinson 1985; Stinson 1985, 1986; Rabbitt and Holmes 1988). One of the biggest assumptions we have made is to lump all the directional response into a source term G~c. Such lumping is consistent with the notion that the directional response is produced by structures peripheral to the canal (Wiener and Ross 1946; Wiener, Pfeiffer, and Backus 1966; Shaw 2.

Rosowski they fail to capture the complexities of middle-ear structure, which can contribute to middle-ear behavior at high frequencies. Such more complicated behaviors can be modeled by increasing the number of lumped elements used to represent a specific feature. 4 Continuum and Finite-Element Models of Middle-Ear Function Finite-element and continuum models allow distributions of velocity and force within specific structures. For example, while lumped-element models of the tympanic membrane often assume that it is made up of one or two rigid plates (Zwislocki 1962; Shaw and Stinson 1983), continuum and finite-element models allow more realistic breakdowns of nonrigid structural elements.

Rosowski The unit of energy (power integrated over time) in all three analogies is the joule (J), computed from force times distance or from power times time (lJ = INm = 1 Wsec). 3B, are common tools for the analysis of electric, acoustic, and mechanical circuits (Desoer and Kuh 1969; Malecki 1969; Fletcher and Thwaites 1979; Egolf 1980; Benade 1988; Shera and Zweig 1991, 1992a,b,c; Fletcher 1992). At the basis of the two-port is the idea that the relationships between force and voltage (or pressure and volume velocity, or between voltage and current) at the inputs and outputs of a system box can be used to define how the box works.

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