Download Atrocities, Massacres, and War Crimes: An Encyclopedia, by Alexander Mikaberidze PDF

By Alexander Mikaberidze

The 400-plus entries in "Atrocities, Massacres, and struggle Crimes: An Encyclopedia" offer obtainable and concise details at the tough topic of abject human violence devoted on all continents. The entries during this two-volume paintings describe atrocities, massacres, and warfare crimes devoted within the twentieth century, thereby documenting how humans have time and again confirmed their potential to dedicate bad acts of inhumanity even in fairly fresh instances and in the smooth period. The encyclopedia covers international locations, treaties, and phrases; profiles people who were officially indicted for conflict crimes in addition to those that have devoted mass atrocities and long past unpunished; and addresses human rights violations, crimes opposed to humanity, and crimes opposed to peace.

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Extra info for Atrocities, Massacres, and War Crimes: An Encyclopedia, Volumes 1-2

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In all, 335 Italians, 75 of whom were Jews and most of whom had no connection with the Via Rasella bombing, were taken from various Roman prisons and transported to the caves on the Fosse Ardeatine (Via Ardeatine) in the southern part of Rome near the catacombs of Saint Calixtus. There, the Germans shot them to death in groups of five and buried them in the caves. Most of the victims died by a single shot to the head, but some were, no doubt, buried alive when the caves were dynamited. Among the Italians executed were several women and two teenage boys.

Some of the key personalities like Mohnke had already been responsible for war crimes against British POWs during the 1940 campaign, like the killings at Wormhoudt, with 70 British victims. Furthermore, parts of the reconnaissance battalion massacred 86 French civilians on the spot at Ascq in April 1944 after the French Resistance had derailed a transport train. Extrajudicial killings were nothing special to a number of officers and the NCOs of the Hitlerjugend. The early military situation in Normandy may have finally triggered the crimes against the Allied prisoners.

See Idi Amin (1924/1925–2003). Amritsar Massacre (1919) In early April 1919, Mohandas Gandhi started a civil disobedience campaign 15 16 | Andersonville Prison against the British Rowlatt bills, which empowered the authorities to imprison without trial those suspected of sedition. Despite GandhiÊs efforts to prevent the civil disobedience movement from any deviations from the nonviolence strategy, Punjab was on the brink of violence. Gandhi decided to leave for Punjab, but was arrested and brought to Bombay.

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