By Lambertus Marie De Rijk
This examine intends to teach that the ascription of many shortcomings or obscurities to Aristotle is because of the continual misinterpetation of key notions in his works, together with anachronistic perceptions of assertion making. within the first quantity Aristotle's semantics is culled from the Organon. the second one quantity offers Aristotle's ontology of the sublunar global, and will pay precise recognition to his technique of argument in mild of his semantic perspectives. The reconstruction of the semantic versions that come ahead as certainly Aristotelian can provide a brand new impetus to the examine of Aristotelian philosophic and semantic proposal.
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Additional info for Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 1: General Introduction. The Works on Logic (Philosophia Antiqua)
T h u s to Aristotle, philosophical research must consist in focussing on a thing's immanent 'essential elements' without somehow regarding them as i n d e p e n d e n t of and separate from the concretum as a whole (as Plato could not help doing in sublimising them to something transcendent). However, even though they are not something independent, our ability to focus on a thing's essential elements entails that we can think them as separate and in their universal character for a while, and n o n e the less have an eye for 35 In his later period, Plato recognized that he had to conceive of a "novel metaphysics" against the conservative 'Friends of the Forms', in order to take things of the outside world more seriously.
8 5 Its favourite position in the surface structure of language is firmly based on an idiosyncratic conviction about the outside world in terms of substance-accident relationships. In this line of thought Kahn's suggestion (227) may seem fairly adequate that philosophers' d e e p fascination for subject-predicate analysis from the Greeks to the present day onwards is ultimately d u e to the fact that the analysis of sentencehood in terms of the 'Subject is Predicate' construction — an analysis that not only applies to declarative sentence but also forms the basis of all descriptive discourse — is commonly supposed to mirror the way we believe language expresses how things are.
71 This view will be challenged in the next section. T h e empirical support Kahn has adduced from pre-classical and classical Greek authors (Homer, Hesiod, Herodotus, the tragic poets, philosophers, and so on) is far from convincing. , 174: "There are others with me", with a locative attribute), Kahn has to explain sentences of the latter type (160; 435-52) as a pregnant use of the locative copula construction, and the former, while begging the question, as apt to "serve to illustrate [his] claim that in every case where we find the nominal sentence, the copula form could [his italics] appear without any difference of sense or syntax" (445, n.
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