Download Aristophanes: Acharnians (Text and Commentary) by Aristophanes; S. Douglas Olson (ed.) PDF

By Aristophanes; S. Douglas Olson (ed.)

Aristophanes' Acharnians used to be played on the Lenaia competition in Athens in 425 BCE. The play is the tale of an previous peasant farmer, Dikaiopolis, who has grown so disgusted with the Peloponnesian warfare and the patent self-serving of the city's major politicians (abetted by means of the stupidity of his fellow-citizens) that he concludes a separate peace with the enemy. consequently, he profits entry to a big offer of amazing issues, together with wine, eels, thrushes, and 2 attractive and compliant girls. even if he's a traitor and a villain, or just the cleverest and so much bold guy within the urban, is an issue of in depth debate in the play. Acharnians itself, at any expense, took first position and is usually considered as one in all Aristophanes' or 3 so much amazing surviving comedies. Olson deals the 1st entire new scholarly variation of the play in nearly a century. The textual content and equipment are according to a clean exam of the papyri and manuscripts, a lot of that have by no means been studied systematically, and are supported by way of a brand new manuscript stemma. The advent includes sections at the poet himself; the ancient environment and political argument of the play; the mythological and literary history; department of components, costumes, and props; staging; using dialects; and the background of the textual content. The statement covers quite a lot of literary, historic, and philological matters, with specific recognition to staging and info of lifestyle. All Greek within the creation and statement now not brought up for technical purposes is translated, making a lot of the version obtainable to normal scholarly readers.

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Extra info for Aristophanes: Acharnians (Text and Commentary)

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29 Indeed, I R F r 378 maintains that Kleon prosecuted Aristophanes again after the performance of Acharnians, seemingly with a claim that the poet was not a legit­ imate Athenian citizen, although this may be nothing more than a deduction from the allusion to the poet's connections with Aigina at 653—4. Hi INTRODUCTION ι 93~6* 823-9). The early 420s had not been happy years in Athens (cf. Section II), and Acharnians takes the disappointment and anger of ordinary citizens at that fact as its dramatic and rhetorical starting-point.

Ach. )» therefore, Aristophanes1 mention of the Eye of the King a few verses later proves nothing about his degree of acquaintance with the Histories. The other pos­ sible references to Herodotus listed by Wells in Acharnians do not 14 Cf. Sansone, 1CS 10 (1985) 1-9, responding to Fornara, JUS 91 (1971) 25-34; Hermes 109 (1981) 149-56. " J. Wells, Studies in Herodotus (Oxford, 1923) 172^7, esp. 174. l$ Wells (above, n. 27) 174. liv INTRODUCTION amount to anything, as Wells himself concedes, 29 and the most one can say is that Aristophanes may have been acquainted with some portions of Book i, perhaps as a result of recent public readings by Herodotus in Athens.

FGrH 1 F 29 ap. Paus. viii. 4. 9, 47. 4; E. fr. 696. 4-5). Eventually he became king of Mysia, a region in north­ west Asia Minor, and when the Achaians attempted to sack his city, having mistaken it for Troy, he drove them away (Hes. fr. 165. 14-15; Cypr. arg. 36-7; Pi. O. 9. 72-3; E. fr. 696, 15-16; cf. E. fr. 705a Kannicht = /4rA. 1188). In the course of the fighting, Telephos was wounded by Achilleus (Cypr. arg. 38; Pi. /. 5. 41-2; 8. 54-5); several late sources assign responsibility for the wound­ ing to Dionysos, who tripped up the hero or his horse with a grapevine (ApoIIod.

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