By Solveig Bosse
Applicative Arguments: A Syntactic and Semantic research of German and English offers formal semantic and syntactic analyses of German and English applicative arguments. those arguments are nominal parts that aren't compulsory elements of a sentence. either German and English have different types of applicative arguments, together with so-called benefactive and malefactive structures. extra particularly, the examine depends on exams to tell apart the different sorts of applicative arguments in response to this contribution to that means: a few applicatives give a contribution purely not-at-issue which means, while others give a contribution merely at-issue which means, and nonetheless others give a contribution either kinds of which means. those assessments are utilized to either German and English to uniquely establish the applicative arguments in every one language. Formal analyses of the pointed out form of applicative arguments are provided that offer an account for every kind of applicative pointed out for every language, explaining the applicatives’ ameliorations and similarities.
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Additional resources for Applicative Arguments: A Syntactic and Semantic Investigation of German and English
Der Stein fällt dem Mann auf den Kopf. Dat man on the head 1. The brick is falling on the man1's head on him1. (possessor & affected) 2. The brick is falling on the man's head. (part-whole) Applying the not-at-issue tests (Chapter 2) to pertinence datives shows that on the "possessor and affected" interpretation, the pertinence dative behaves like affected experiencers. In contrast, on the (pure) part-whole interpretation, it behaves like a part-whole applicative argument. The pertinence dative can be negated (60).
Acc head 1. Did the brick fall onto the (man's) head on the man? (possessor & affected) 2. Did the brick fall onto the man's head? (part-whole) The yes/no-question can be answered with "no". On the "possessor and affected" interpretation, it means that the brick did not fall on the man's head but if it had, it would have mattered to the man. It cannot mean that the brick actually hit the 40 man in the head, but he was not affected. To get this meaning, a longer explanation is needed. In contrast, on the part-whole interpretation the negative answer would indicate that the event did not happen (either because the brick missed or because the person was actually a woman or because it hit the man's shoulder).
I show two possible interpretations of the pertinence dative next to each other below, namely "possessor and affected" as well as a "(pure) part-whole" interpretation. I use a sample sentence of the pertinence dative given by Neumann (1995, example 1) but provide the two possible readings (59). The pure partwhole reading is not salient without context for most native speakers but can be made available by providing a context. For instance, example (59) can be interpreted as a part-whole applicative argument more readily if it is assumed that instead of bricks, small stones are dropped onto the man which he may not notice.
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