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Extra info for Anti-Drugs Policies of the European Union: Transnational Decision-Making and the Politics of Expertise

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A widespread notion has been apparent since the late 1980s projecting the idea that there is a simple cumulative dimension to global threats, that is, implying that the more types of threat there are, the more states become insecure. However, such a view ignores the multifaceted and discrete cause-and-effect relationships that underpin particular transnational problems. Equally, there is no objective basis for measurement of the comparative threats posed by, say, drug trafficking and environmental damage.

However, this has also been a clear source of utility for certain parts of the state apparatus in AICs. 15 Although pressure to coordinate international action has grown significantly, this has been confined solely to actions that allow sovereign control to be retained (at least formally) by AICs. Despite this, the boundaries of what actually constitutes ‘internal’ politics are harder than ever to draw. In a context of ever-denser interconnections and forces, and processes of regional and global integration, Held (1995a: 99) defines the salient characteristic of this situation when he points out that ‘national communities by no means make and determine decisions and policies exclusively for themselves, and governments by no means determine what is right exclusively for their own citizens’.

1 Transnational drug trafficking has significant negative consequences, including the use of ‘illegitimate’ violence (that is, in opposition to the claimed monopoly of the organized means of violence by the state), the corruption of public officials and the laundering of money that was gained illegally and its investment in ‘legitimate’ enterprise. Trafficking is of course the delivery system for a range of drugs that are classified as illegal, hence on the basis that the rule of prohibition applies it is definitively an illegal activity.

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