Download An Introduction to Comparative Legal Models of Criminal by Cliff Roberson PDF

By Cliff Roberson

Whereas in Plato's time there can have been a few fact to his trust that there can in simple terms be one unmarried justice, and one unmarried legislations, such isn't the case this present day. legal justice platforms differ extensively the world over of their ways to the matter of crime. This booklet provides the subject country's criminal version to a superb quantity determines the nature of its police and corrections in addition to its felony approach. It Read more...

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studying types of felony justice platforms and the felony types that form them, this paintings makes use of examples to spotlight 5 easy criminal starting place versions: continental, universal legislations, Islamic, Read more...

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Prosecuting attorney: The attorney who represents the state or federal government in a criminal trial. Retained counsel: Private counsel who has been hired by a defendant. Substantive criminal law: That portion of the law that creates, defines, and declares what acts constitute crimes and establishes punishments for those crimes. indb 25 25 5/1/08 11:19:05 AM 26 An Introduction to Comparative Legal Models of Criminal Justice Introduction The law embodies the story of a nation’s development through many centuries, and it cannot be dealt with as if it contained only the axioms and corollaries of a book of mathematics.

At the time of the trial another responsibility is to present enough evidence to prove the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. The prosecuting attorney must also assist in the selection of the jury, decide what witnesses to call, and determine what physical evidence should be introduced. It is not necessary that every person who has some knowledge of the facts in the case be called, nor is it necessary that all physical evidence collected by the law enforcement officers during an investigation be presented during a trial.

Muslims believe, however, that, as God’s prophet, Muhammad knew the divine will as it was meant to be codified in Islamic law. His actions and juridical decisions therefore played an indispensable role in the later codification of the shari’ah by various legal schools (Berman, 2005). The Islamic criminal process consists of two parts: the trial and the administration of penalties if warranted. The purpose of the trial is to identify the wrongdoer. The state acts as a third party to ensure that justice is done.

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