By Theodor W. Adorno
This vintage booklet through Theodor W. Adorno anticipates the various topics that experience in view that develop into universal in modern philosophy: the critique of foundationalism, the illusions of idealism and the tip of epistemology. It additionally foreshadows some of the key rules that have been built via Adorno in his most crucial philosophical works, together with adverse Dialectics.
Against Epistemology relies on a manuscript Adorno initially wrote in Oxford in 1934-37 in the course of his first years in exile and to that end remodeled in Frankfurt in 1955-56. The textual content used to be written as a critique of Husserl’s phenomenology, however the critique of phenomenology is used because the get together for a much wider critique of epistemology. Adorno defined this as a ‘metacritique’ which blends jointly the research of Husserl’s phenomenology because the so much complex example of the decay of bourgeois idealism with an immanent critique of the tensions and contradictions inner to Husserl’s notion. the result's a strong textual content which continues to be essentially the most devastating reviews of Husserl’s paintings ever written and which heralded a number of the principles that experience develop into general in modern philosophy.
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Extra info for Against Epistemology: A Metacritique
E. of a contract; evidence – judicial exhibits; judgement – of a trial – all unwittingly construe epistemology analogously to a legal contest. * The most enlightened epistemology still participates in the myth of the first in the figure of a contract which is never fulfilled and therefore in itself endless, self-repeating without respite. Its metacritique presents it with its promissory note and forces from it the external insight, gained from society, that equivalence is not truth and that a fair trade-off is not justice.
What Husserl calls the‘original foundation’ 31 (Urstiftung) of transcendental subjectivity is also an original lie. Hence immanence itself is constantly being polarized into subjec tive and objective moments in epistemological analysis. Emil Lask showed quite emphatically how that was so. Husserl’s noeticonoematic structure is likewise one of dualistic immanence, though that did not make him conscious of the contradiction thereby perpetuated. The return of subject and object within subjectivity and the duality of the one is detailed in two types of epistemology, each of which lives on the unrealizability of the other.
Thus critique of his specialized epistemology extends essen tially beyond it. The aura of the concrete accrues to the concept, 37 38 39 Logik ; cf. Cairns <57>. Ibid. ; and <114>. Ibid. ; and <186>. 37 which presents itself to consciousness as unbesmirched by abstracting, through the theorems of the ideal unity of the species and ideation. Subjectively mediated determinations are credited to whatever completely lacks the subjective as qualities of its being in-itself. And so its authority is established.
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