By Marilyn D. Rhinehart
The coal mine represented even more than a manner of constructing a dwelling to the miners of Thurber, Texas, within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries-it represented a life-style. Coal mining ruled Thurber's paintings lifestyles, and miners ruled its social existence. the massive immigrant inhabitants that crammed the mines in Thurber represented greater than a dozen international locations, which lent a distinctiveness to this Texas city. In 1888 Robert D. Hunter and the Texas & Pacific Coal corporation based Thurber at the web site of Johnson Mines, a small coal-mining village at the western fringe of North significant Texas the place Palo Pinto, Erath, and Eastland counties converged. for nearly 40 years the corporate mined coal and owned and operated a city that by means of 1910 served as domestic to greater than 3 thousand citizens. Marilyn Rhinehart examines the tradition of the miners' paintings, the demographics and social lifetime of the neighborhood, and the advantages and constraints of existence in a firm city.
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Extra resources for A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, Texas, 1888-1926 (Texas A&M Southwestern Studies)
Texas Bituminous Coal Mine Production, Thurber, Texas, 190423 108 Page xiii Acknowledgments The encouragement and assistance of many persons made this work possible. James C. Maroney suggested the topic, generously shared some of his own research and ideas on the subject, and critiqued the manuscript. John O. King assumed the responsibility, under unexpected circumstances, for overseeing the project out of which this book developed and smoothly guided that effort to completion. Profs. Stanley E.
In the wake of the decline of the cattle industry in the late 1880s, Hunter sold his interest in the company to Evans and directed his attention to coal prospects in Texas. 11 Hunter's exact role in the Johnsons' two-year effort to mine coal is unclear. In November, 1886, Edgar L. Marston, a New York financier, Hunter's son-in-law, and a future major stockholder and officer in the Texas & Pacific Coal Company, received a copy of the assay report performed for the Johnsons on the coal reserves that the brothers had purchased the previous month.
22 As the Texas & Pacific Coal Company continued to expand its investment in the coal deposits by opening nine new mines by 1901, Thurber's population increased correspondingly. The federal census of 1890 reported the population of Thurber Village as 978. The 1900 federal census recorded 2,559 residents in Thurber, of which 828 of the males who listed occupations (75 percent) identified themselves as Page 12 coal diggers or coal miners. Two-thirds of these 828 miners, representing sixteen nationalities, claimed a foreign birth (see table 1).
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