By Michæl Meeker
This leading edge research of recent Turkey is the results of decades of ethnographic fieldwork and archival study. Michael Meeker expertly combines anthropological and historic how you can study the transition from the Ottoman Empire to the Turkish Republic in an immense quarter of the rustic, the japanese Black beach. His most vital discovering is state-oriented provincial oligarchy performed a key function in successive courses of reform over the process greater than 2 hundred years of imperial and nationwide historical past. As Meeker demonstrates, top members sponsored by way of interpersonal networks made up our minds the result of the modernizing method, first through the westernizing interval of the Empire, then throughout the progressive interval of the Republic.To know the way any such state-oriented provincial oligarchy used to be produced and reproduced alongside the jap Black beach, Meeker integrates a modern ethnographic learn of public lifestyles in cities and villages with a old examine of legitimate files, consular experiences, and shuttle narratives. A country of Empire offers anthropologists, historians, and scholars of japanese Europe and the center East with a brand new knowing of the complexities and contradictions of recent Turkish event.
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Extra resources for A Nation of Empire: The Ottoman Legacy of Turkish Modernity
Meeker 1970, 158. Lands over 1,000 meters Lands over 2,000 meters Lands over 3,000 meters Roads or tracks of the comtemporary period 0 10 BLACK SEA 20 km. Rize Eskipazar B i ac alt Arakli Of I yid R. Solak er e R. li R. Sürmene Çufaruksa Hayrat R. Paçan Lower Ogene Upper Ogene To Bayburt and Erzurum Map 1. Lands of Rize, Of, and Süreme (c. 1923) M a ki R . Balaban Kadahor (Çaykara) Ikizdere Clan-Society and Nation-State / 19 related to (hısımlıg˘ımız var), or friendly with (dostuz) this or that other group.
One can say that women come from the group of males designated by a patronym, for example, “His wife is from the Muradog˘lu” (Ailesi Muradog˘lundan) or “She is from the Mehmet Muradog˘lu group [of the Muradog˘lu]” (Mehmet Muradog˘lunun takımından). For other examples of local patronyms, see Umur (1951, 1956). 18. The contrast is described in my dissertation (Meeker 1970), but my attempt to explain it there is ﬂawed. 19. Ibid. Elsewhere in rural Turkey, the word “akraba” normally referred to kinsmen, relatives or family in the broadest sense, that is, both males and females, including relatives by both blood and marriage.
The patronymic groups in Of were sometimes associated with one or more village quarters, or one or more entire villages. This was a stronger relationship of patronymic group and a speciﬁc territory than usually existed in the villages of western Turkey at the time (Meeker 1970, 147, 149). 32. The tradition of religious study in the district of Of is the subject of chap. 2. ” 33 In the absence of collective institutions or organizations, the patronymic groups could not be represented by speciﬁc individuals, could not support or challenge one another, and could not enter into collective contracts and agreements.
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