Download A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard PDF

By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard

The six volumes of A historical past of the Crusades will stand because the definitive heritage of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the historical past, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international.

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A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States (Art & Architecture of the Crusader States)

The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive historical past of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the historical past, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international.

Additional info for A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States (Art & Architecture of the Crusader States)

Sample text

3~8. 12 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES IV household the kitchen fire was the central one; when this was blazing brightly, no other light was needed, at least in the vicinity. We are not always certain about the whereabouts of the kitchen; in many instances, it may have been in a lean-to set against. the house. Sanitation, such as it was, was primitive. Je could hope for. If there was a moat, temporary or permanent, that was considered an excellent place for the disposal of filth. 62 In .. places as.

20. lbn-Jubair, p. " 21. John Phocas, Ekphrasts ... , trans. Aubrey Stewart as "The Pilgrimage of Joannes Phocas in the Holy Land(... )," PPTS, V-3 (London, 1896), 11. Ambrose (p. 123) seems to have been dissatisfied with his lodgings in Acre. 22. Theoderic, p. 73. 23. Ambrose, p. , II (Paris, 1859), 108. 24. Ambrose, p. 58. 25. lbn-Jubair, p. , pp. 313· 31 7. Ch. 2 7 They could read and speak Arabic and, of course, their European vernacular. Saracen scribes were, to be sure, employed by Europeans; for instance, the master of the Temple had one at his beck and call.

Lbn-Jubair (p. 316) says that most of the farmers were Moslems, who shared their crops evenly with their Frankish overlords. 101. Daniel, Putesest•ie ... , trans. C. W. Wilson as "Pilgrimage of the Russian Abbot Dartiel in the Holy Land, circa 1106-1107," PPTS, N-3 (London, 1895), 45; Burchard, pp. 100-101. 102. Hitti, pp. 487, 618-619; cf. Phocas, p. 26. 103. Abii·Shamah Shilliib-ad·Dln, Kitllb ar-raudatain ... ,extracts trans. A. C. ', N·V (Paris, 1848, 1906), V, 4, 8. 104. Ambrose, p. " 105.

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