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By Alan Cruse

This easy-to-use advisor illuminates key strategies and phrases in semantics and pragmatics and the research of which means because it is conveyed via language.

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Extra info for A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics

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The verbs bring and take have a similar relation (I’ll bring it to you, I’ll take it to him). There are three main sub-types of deixis: spatial, temporal, and person deixis, and two minor sub-types: social and discourse deixis. Occasionally, the deictic centre is not the speaker (see under projected deixis). denotation The denotation of a linguistic expression is that aspect of its meaning which is involved in its potential for use in making true statements about the world. A distinction is made between two aspects of denotation.

Displacement This is one of the key features distinguishing human language from, for instance, animal communication. It is the ability to speak about things that are not present (There are no horses here) and about times and places other than the ‘here and now’ (I met her last summer in New York), as well as about hypothetical entities and events. ) distributive plural see under plural domain (cognitive) Any coherent body of conceptual content which serves as an essential background for, or is presupposed by, some individual concept or conceptual process.

One way or another, this must be true in general terms otherwise we would have to learn the meanings of all multi-word expressions separately. However, not all expressions of a language conform to this principle. Those that do are described as ‘compositional’; those that do not are described as ‘noncompositional’ or ‘semantically opaque’. Semantic opacity (which is a matter of degree) is a prototypical characteristic of idioms. concepts, conceptual categories To a first approximation, conceptual categories are classes of entities in the world, like dog, chair, dictatorship (we must interpret ‘entity’ in the broadest sense, to include properties like 793 02 pages 001-202 30 31/3/06 10:19 Page 30 A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS red, actions like speak, and so on).

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