By Toshiyuki Kumashiro
This quantity represents the 1st complete paintings on eastern clause constitution carried out in the framework of Cognitive Grammar. the writer proposes schematic conceptual constructions for the key structures within the language and defines jap case marking and grammatical kin in merely conceptual phrases. The paintings therefore makes a resounding case for the conceptual foundation of grammar, thereby constituting a powerful argument opposed to the autonomy of syntax speculation of Generative Grammar.
The quantity will be of curiosity to any researcher wishing to grasp how Cognitive Grammar, whose basic concentration has been at the non-syntactic elements of language, can clarify the clausal constitution of a given language in an in depth, accomplished, but unifying demeanour. as well as its theoretical findings, the quantity includes a variety of revealing analyses and interpretations of jap facts, which may be of serious curiosity to all eastern linguists, regardless of their theoretical persuasions.
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Extra resources for A Cognitive Grammar of Japanese Clause Structure
We claim that certain non-subjects can control the gap, and that certain subjects cannot:6 (5) a. Gap controlled by non-subject Kodomo-wa hahaoya-ga shikat-te ø naita. ’ b. Gap not controlled by subject *Hahaoya-ni-wa kodomo-ga shikar-are-te ø naita. e. not by the topic hahaoya ‘mother’ or by the subject kodomo ‘child’. 7 5. The asterisk given to the translation, instead of to the Japanese sentence, is intended to indicate that the sentence is not acceptable with the intended meaning expressed by the translation.
Rules) that subsume them can be established. For example, the rule governing English plural formation is extracted from such specific plural forms as cows, bottles, chairs, pens, cars, fans, and fingers. The rule is considered a schema extracted from such actually occurring expressions. It is not likely that speakers forget the forms they already have complete mastery of, once they extract the rules. 10. For descriptions of the meanings of the grammatical elements listed here, see Langacker (1982, 1987a, 1988a, 1990a, 1991).
The two sentences express deference to sensei, marked with the accusative o in (i-a) and the dative ni in (i-b), by humbling the action taken by the subject Taroo. The term “honorification” and the symbol “hon” refer to “subject” honorification throughout the present work, unless otherwise noted. For a detailed discussion of the honorification phenomena in Japanese as they relate to grammatical relations, see Harada (1976). 4. There are some sentences where the reflexive pronoun is apparently controlled by a non- subject.
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